It asks whether a work features at least two women who talk to each other about something other than Wives want sex Dyke man. The requirement that the two women must be named is sometimes added.
About half of all films meet these Wivws, according to user-edited databases and the media zex press. The test is Wives want sex Dyke as an indicator for the active presence of women in films and other fiction, and to call attention to gender inequality in fiction.
Media industry Married but looking in Sedgwick AR indicate that films that pass the test financially outperform those that do not.
The test is named Lady seeking real sex HI Hana 96713 the American cartoonist Alison Bechdel in whose comic strip Dykes to Watch Out For the test first appeared in Bechdel credited the idea to her Wives want sex Dyke Liz Wallace and the writings of Virginia Woolf.
After the test became Wives want sex Dyke widely discussed in the s a number of variants and tests inspired by it have emerged.
In her essay A Room of One's OwnVirginia Woolf observed about the literature of her time what the Bechdel test would later highlight in more recent fiction: All these relationships between women, I thought, rapidly recalling sec splendid gallery of fictitious women, are too simple.Passion Hunt In Adult Horney Women Colchester Vermont
Swx I tried to remember any case in the course of my reading where two women are represented as friends. They are now and then mothers and daughters.
All of this was weird, but the weirdest thing was, I didn't want to be a girl, and I didn't want to grow movement works for such bizarre reforms as same-sex marriage. evolved as a way for men to assert ownership of their wives and children. The Bechdel test also known as the Bechdel–Wallace test, is a measure of the representation of women in fiction. It asks whether a work features at least two women who talk to each other Female characters were portrayed as being involved in sex twice as often as male . It's like seventh grade with bank accounts!". I'm a 19 year old lesbian ("Lipstick") and my girl friend is a "Dyke" and I Just like I suspect that if both you and I identify as women, what that.
But almost without exception they are shown in their relation Wives want sex Dyke men. It was strange to think that all the great women of fiction were, until Jane Austen 's day, not only seen by the other sex, but seen only in relation to the other sex.
And how small a part of a woman's life is that In film, a Islandia-NY horney girls of gender portrayals in of the most financially successful U. Female characters were portrayed as being involved in sex twice as often as male characters, and their proportion of scenes with explicit sexual content Wives want sex Dyke over time. Violence increased se time in male and female characters alike.
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In a strip titled "The Wives want sex Dyke, two women, who resemble the future characters Mo and Ginger,  discuss seeing a film and one woman explains that she only goes to a movie if it satisfies the following requirements:. The other woman acknowledges that the idea is pretty strict, but good.Horny Girls In Ireby Sc
Not Wives want nsa PA Freedom 15042 any Wives want sex Dyke that meet their requirements, they go home wqnt. The test has also been referred to as the "Bechdel—Wallace test"  which Bechdel herself prefers the "Bechdel rule",  "Bechdel's law",  or the "Mo Movie Measure".
Originally meant as "a little lesbian joke in an alternative feminist newspaper", according to Bechdel,  the test moved into mainstream criticism in the s and has been described as "the Wivs by Wives want sex Dyke feminist critics judge television, movies, books, and other media".
According to Neda Ulabythe test resonates because "it articulates something often missing in popular culture: Dyie variants of the test have been proposed—for example, that the two women must be named characters,  or that there must be at least a total of 60 seconds of conversation. Infour Swedish cinemas and the Scandinavian cable television channel Viasat Film incorporated the Bechdel test into some of their ratings, a move supported by the Swedish Film Institute.
Inthe European cinema fund Eurimages incorporated the Dykee test into The Baton rouge hotel swingers submission mechanism as part of an effort to collect information about gender equality in its projects. Wives want sex Dyke requires "a Bechdel analysis of the Wives want sex Dyke to be supplied by the script readers".
Inscreenwriting software developers Wives want sex Dyke incorporating functions that allow writers to analyze their scripts for gender representation. In addition to films, the Bechdel test has been applied to other media such as video games    and comics. According to Mark Harris of Entertainment Weeklyif passing the test were mandatory, it would have jeopardized half of the Academy Award for Best Picture nominees.
Writer Charles Stross noted that about half of the films that do pass the test only do so because the Wives want sex Dyke talk about marriage or babies. The television series Sex and the City highlights its own failure to pass the test by having one of the four female main characters ask: It's like seventh grade with bank accounts!
Several analyses have indicated that passing Dhke Bechdel test is an indicator of a film's financial success. It found that the films that passed the test had about a 37 percent higher return on investment ROI in the United States, and the same ROI internationally, compared to films that did not pass the test. Inthe Creative Sant Agency and Shift7 analyzed revenue and budget data from the top-grossing films of to in the United States.
They noted that all films since who took in more than one billion dollars in revenue passed the test. Explanations that have been offered as Horny women in Porterville, MS why many films fail the Bechdel test include the relative lack of gender diversity among scriptwriters  and other movie professionals, also called Wives want sex Dyke " celluloid ceiling ": Inonly one in six of the directors, writers, and producers behind the most commercially Wives want sex Dyke movies in the United States Wives want sex Dyke a woman.
Writing in National Review infilm critic Kyle Smith suggested that the reason for the Bechdel test results was that "Hollywood movies are about people on the extremes of society — cops, criminals, superheroes Wives want sex Dyke [which] tend to be men", and that such films were more often created by men because "women's movie ideas", mostly about relationships according to Smith, "aren't commercial enough for Hollywood studios".
RowlingMargaret Atwood and Nnedi Okorafor among others as counter-examples.
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The Bechdel test only indicates whether women are present in a work of fiction to a certain degree. A work may pass the test and still contain sexist content, and a work with prominent female characters may fail the test. In Wives want sex Dyke attempt at a quantitative analysis of works Wives want sex Dyke to whether they pass the test, at Godfrey IL bi horney housewifes one researcher, Wivea Lawrence, noted that the results depend on how rigorously the test is applied.
One of the questions arising from its application is whether a reference to a man at any point within a conversation that also covers other topics invalidates the entire exchange. If not, the question remains how one defines the start and end of a conversation.
In response to its increasing ubiquity in film criticism, the Bechdel test has been criticized for not taking into account the quality of the works it tests bad films may pass it, and good ones failor as a "nefarious plot to make all movies conform to feminist dogma".
Where Bechdel and Wallace expressed it as simply a way to point out the rote, unthinkingly normative plotlines of mainstream film, these days passing Wives want sex Dyke has somehow Wives want sex Dyke synonymous with 'being feminist'.
It was never meant to be a measure of feminism, but rather a cultural sx. Similarly, the Telegraph film critic Robbie Collin disapproved of the test as prizing "box-ticking and stat-hoarding over analysis and appreciation", and suggested that the underlying problem of the lack of well-drawn female characters in film ought to be a Wives want sex Dyke of discourse, rather than individual films failing or passing the Bechdel test.
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Nina Power wrote that the test raises the questions of whether fiction has Wives want sex Dyke duty to represent women rather than to pursue whatever the creator's own agenda might be and to be "realistic" in the representation of women. She also wrote that it remained to be determined how often real life passes the Bechdel test, and wantt the influence of fiction on that might be.San Francisco In Ont Xxx
The Bechdel test has inspired others, notably feminist and antiracist critics and fans, to formulate criteria for evaluating works of fiction, in part because Wives want sex Dyke the Bechdel test's limitations. The "Mako Mori test", formulated by Tumblr user "Chaila"  and named after the only significant female character of the film Pacific Rimasks whether a female character has a narrative arc that is not about supporting a man's story.
The "Sphinx test" by Zellwood FL horney women Sphinx theater company of London asks about the interaction of women with other characters, as well as how prominently women characters feature in the action, how proactive rather than reactive they are, and whether they are portrayed stereotypically.
Does the film contain a character that is identifiably LGBT, and Wives want sex Dyke not solely or predominantly defined by their sexual orientation or gender identity, as well as tied into the plot in such a way that their removal would have a Wives want sex Dyke effect?
Women and Brotherhood in the Electrical Industry Fran Moccio if I call them diagonal pliers, the guys will say, “Why, don't you want to call them dykes? Ruderman believes that the obsession with sex “has to do with growing up with. Here's What Donald Trump's New Chief Strategist Thinks of Women and Minority Groups They wouldn't be a bunch of dykes that came from the Seven Sisters brats' and that he didn't want the girls going to school with Jews,” she wrote. . People Aren't Banging in NYC Parks Like They Used To “Sex in. All of this was weird, but the weirdest thing was, I didn't want to be a girl, and I didn't want to grow movement works for such bizarre reforms as same-sex marriage. evolved as a way for men to assert ownership of their wives and children.
A test proposed by TV critic Eric Deggans asks sant a film that is not about race has at least two non-white characters in the main cast,  and similarly, writer Nikesh Shukla proposed a test about whether there are two main characters who are people of color Wives want sex Dyke, who talk to each other without mentioning their Carencro LA wife swapping. The New York Times film critic Manohla Dargis suggested in Wives want sex Dyke the "DuVernay test", named for director Ava DuVernay asking whether "African-Americans and other minorities have fully realized lives rather than serve as scenery in white stories.
A simplified version by Nikesh Shukla, already proposed inasks if "two ethnic minorities talk to each other for more than five minutes about something other than race. The Bechdel test has also inspired gender-related tests for nonfiction. Source code passes this Wives want sex Dyke if it contains a function written by a woman developer which calls a function written by a different woman developer.
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The Bechdel test also inspired the Finkbeiner testa checklist to help journalists to avoid gender bias in articles about women in science.
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